Shimla Agreement Ppt

Pakistan ratified the Simla Agreement on 15 July and India on 3 August, after which the Agreement entered into force on 4 August 1972. This Agreement shall be subject to ratification by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and shall enter into force from the date of exchange of instruments of ratification. [4] The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating until armed conflict, most recently during the Kargil war in 1999. In Operation Meghdoot in 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable Siachen Glacier region, where the border was not clearly defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was deemed too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan as a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the deaths that followed in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters, for example. B avalanches in 2010, 2012 and 2016. In order to launch the lasting peace process, the two governments agreed that Indian and Pakistani forces will be withdrawn from their side of the international border. The line of control between Jammu and Kashmir should be the same as on December 17, 1971. The two countries would respect the international border and the withdrawal of the armies would be completed within 30 days of the implementation of the agreement. Donald Trump`s offer to help India and Pakistan resolve the Kashmir issue has sparked widespread controversy after India refuted the US president`s claim that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had asked a question about it. While the US administration is trying to downplay Trump`s remarks by calling the Kashmir issue “bilateral” for “India and Pakistan,” the focus has returned to previous “bilateral agreements,” including the 1972 De Simla Agreement (or Shimla), signed by then-Prime Ministers of India and Pakistan, Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. for friendly relations between the two countries. The agreement reaffirmed that efforts will be made to end as much as possible all these disputes and disputes that have created differences of opinion between the two countries over the past 25 years.

The two governments also agreed to take all measures in their power to prevent hostile propaganda against each other. The Delhi Agreement on the Repatriation of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between the above-mentioned States, signed on 28 August 1973. . .

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